Major depressive disorder (MDD) is also called clinical depression. This mental illness is characterized by the constant presence of negative emotions, afflicted person commonly has a pessimistic frame of mind, he is overwhelmed and depressed. One of the features of this disease is the inability to enjoy life. Self-esteem of people with depressive disorder is often underestimated, and the surrounding reality seems boring and not worth attention.
Depression is a condition characterized by a combination of depressed mood, decreased mental and physical activity with the autonomic responses. Frequency is about 5% of general population. The likelihood of unipolar depression development during lifetime is 20% for women and 10% for men.
Classification of depressions
Melancholy – a combination of depression with symptoms of melancholia;
Panic depression – a combination of depression and anxiety, in severe cases it’s manifested by psycho-motor agitation;
Anesthetic – depression, accompanied by painful loss of sensation;
Adynamic – a combination of depression with psycho-motor retardation and lack of motivation, in the severe cases is manifested by catatonic stupor;
Dysphoric – a combination of depression with anger, irritability and aggression towards others
Symptoms of major depressive disorder
Major depression symptoms usually emerge slowly, but over time, its shape becomes more severe and multiple. The first symptoms are such signs as bad mood, irritability and poor sleep. The more disease develops, the more visible other depressions become. It may be consistent upset mood or depressed behavior. The patient loses interest in any activity.
He is always disappointed in everybody and everything, doesn’t have any hobby, passion, preference. Also the most pronounced symptoms include excessive fatigue, decreased physical and mental ability. The man with MDD disorder constantly feels a sense of guilt, though, in fact, he is absolutely not guilty. The patient believes that he is completely worthless and useless person, he loses appetite, and even has obsessive thoughts about death.
Major depressive disorder, also called as unipolar depression or unipolar disorder, is a disease, occurring in the form of several major depressive episodes throughout the whole life separated by periods of complete mental health.
Melancholy is a form of major depressive disorder, characterized by severe psycho-motor retardation or agitation, weight loss, early morning awakenings, daily fluctuations in mood and activity with deterioration in the morning, pathological feeling of guilt, anhedonia.
Major depressive disorder may have seasonal form (this kind of disease is called “seasonal affective disorder”), which occurs in the winter because of reduced daylight hours. It usually decreases or disappears with the onset of spring and summer. Seasonal depression is characterized by drowsiness, increased appetite, and psycho-motor retardation. This form of MDD is associated with abnormal metabolism of melatonin. Treatment of seasonal depression includes the impact of bright artificial light for 2-6 hours per day.
Pseudodementia is a major depressive disorder, expressed in violation of intelligence. It usually occurs in the elderly. Most often this form of MDD is seen in patients with mood disorders in anamnesis. Depression is prevalent and precedes intellectual disorder.
Causes of depression disorder
According to psychologists, the occurrence of depression may be caused by the imbalance that occurs in the nervous system of the individual. Violation occurs due to trauma, if the patient initially has a low resistance to stress. Major depressive disorder may also emerge as one of the hallmarks of another, very serious disease, for example, it can be atherosclerosis. In this case, experts call it “somatogenic depression”. Also, this disease can be caused by the use of certain medications such as analgesics, antibiotics, hormone drugs, and some other pills.
Do not ignore such an important factor, as the patient’s age. The older person is, the more likely to develop depressive disorders. This is explained by the fact that the elderly person’s nervous system is less stable, and depressions may be the consequence of this imbalance.
In some cases, major depressive disorder has very severe symptoms, when a person may even think about suicide, despite the fact that there is absolutely no reason for it. Such an individual loses the ability to experience pleasurable sensations. He does not delight in life, and generally lose interest in any life area.
How to get rid of major depressive disorder?
In some cases, people can not cope with the disease without medicine, and so he needs to see a specialist to get professional help. One of the best remedies are herbal supplements, which do not cause side effects, and generally well tolerated by patients. In more serious cases where such means do not have the desired effect, doctors prescribe psychotropic chemical drugs. A person suffering from major depressive disorder should be aware that an independent uncontrolled use of drugs can only do harm, so any action must be agreed with the doctor.